A plant guild is a group of plants and animals that work together to support each other and create a balanced ecosystem. In permaculture, plant guilds are used to maximize the efficiency and productivity of a given space by planting a diverse range of species that have mutually-beneficial relationships.
For example, a plant guild might include a fruit tree at the center, surrounded by nitrogen-fixing plants such as beans or clover, companion plants that can help to deter pests, and plants that can provide food or habitat for beneficial insects. The guild might also include animals such as chickens or bees that can help to pollinate the plants and control pests.
Plant guilds can be created in a variety of settings, including backyard gardens, orchards, and even urban environments. They can be used to grow food, create habitat for wildlife, and improve the overall sustainability of a given area.
Overall, plant guilds are a useful tool for creating diverse and productive landscapes that are in harmony with the natural environment. By planting a variety of species that support each other and have mutually-beneficial relationships, it is possible to create a balanced and self-sustaining ecosystem.